In order to understand what kinds and types of golf courses exist, let's define what the architectural structure is. Yes, yes, you did not misinterpret - modern golf courses are a real masterpiece of landscape design. In the world simply there are no two identical golf courses. And the greatest achievement for architects of golf courses is the creation of such a field, which seems to have been created by nature itself.
The area of the golf course can vary from one to hundreds of hectares. The whole golf course is sown with grass, which in different areas has different heights, which would make it difficult to pass this or that site. Just for this, on the field there are various water water barriers, sand bunkers, trees and shrubs.
Depending on the type, the golf course can be either nine or eighteen holes, which are placed in strict order on special sites and have their own serial number. Usually the holes are aligned with the launch pad. However, there are holes that can significantly bow to one side or the other - they are called "DogLeg" (from the English word Dog Leg - dog's paw).
The starting platform from which the player starts his game is called "teeing ground". "Putting green", on the other hand, is the ultimate goal of a golfer - a platform with the shortest grass on which the hole is directly located. "Green" is often surrounded by a "collar" - a grass that frames "green." It is shorter than the fairway, but higher "green".
Between the launch pad and the greens stretches "fairways" - a smooth field with a short flat grass. In addition to water and sand barriers, on the golf course you can find rough - high grass, which, in fact, is not cut. It is very difficult to knock the ball out of this trap.
If we talk about the types of golf courses, then they are classified into the following three categories:
The "links" fields are the oldest and most traditional types of golf courses. Examples of centuries-old fields of this species have survived to the present day - their main mass is located in Scotland, England and Ireland.
Fields like "links" are usually located near the sea, often in the midst of dunes. These fields are practically without trees and have a small amount of water obstacles. They have a wavy landscape and a large extent. The grass cover of the Lynx fields is harsh and scanty, so the ball on this field has a good rebound.
But on this difficulty for the golfer on the field of the sight of the links do not end. The fairways on the links are uneven, and the bins are small and deep (with which they are not immediately visible). Ruffs have a thin and long grass, which greatly complicates the life of the athlete. And the coastal wind, which is the constant companion of the lynx fields, is able to confuse the cards with even the strongest pro.
"Parkland" - these fields are more typical for our latitudes. They are far from the sea and resemble a huge lawn with a lot of trees.
The name "hitland" speaks for itself. Golf fields of this kind are located in a vast open area with sandy soil, on which a shrubbery grows. There are fewer trees on these fields than park ones.